If studies have shown that the antibodies from COVID-19 diminish after a few months, can you talk about how a vaccine would differ from this?


Answer: There are a lot of reasons why vaccines are preferable to natural immunity (besides not getting sick!). Vaccines have immune enhancing strategies including: delivery of a uniform dose of immune stimulus, two injections and/ or use of an adjuvant (immune enhancer). You may have seen the recent publication profiled in the NY Times that

What are the 3 S’s of hospital capacity?

Data and Metrics

A: Space, staff, and stuff… “You need all three, and if you don’t have one, it doesn’t matter if you have the other two.” This quote from Michigan-based emergency physician Dr. Madshid Abir (NPR article link) highlights what it takes to keep a hospital system humming. Unfortunately, shortages across the three S’s have thrown numerous hospital